Authors: Manning W.J.

Title: Pinus cembra, a long term bioindicator for ambient ozone in subalpine regions of the Carpathian Mountains

Source: Polish Botanical Studies
year: 2005, vol: , number: 19, pages: 59-64
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Keywords: OZONE, PINUS CEMBRA, BIOINDICATOR, SUBALPINE FOREST, CARPATHIAN MTS

Discipline: BOTANY

Language: ENGLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference:
William J. Manning, Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-9298, USA
wmanning@microbio.umass.edu

Abstract: Ozone has become an all pervasive air pollutant that adversely affects vegetation in the Carpathian Mountains of Central and Eastern Europe. Information is available about the sensitivity of vegetation to ozone at elevations up to 800 meters asl. A long-term bioindicator is needed to determine the effects of ozone brought into the region by long range transport on vegetation in subalpine and timberline ecotones in the Carpathian Mountains. Pinus cembra L. is a long lived conifer that is found in these regions. Some individual trees appear to be sensitive to ozone and might be good bioindicators. The suitability of P. cembra, based on its characteristics and response to ozone, as a long term bioindicator for ambient ozone in the Carpathian Mountains is considered here.

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