Authors: Solarz K.

Title: Pyroglyphidae (Acari: Astigmata) in Poland. Distribution, biology, population ecology and epidemiology

Source: Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia
year: 2001, vol: 44, number: 4, pages: 435-528
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Keywords: ACARI, DUST, MITE, ALLERGY, POLAND, UPPER SILESIA, PYROGLYPHIDAE, DERMATOPHAGOIDES, EUROGLYPHUS, ATOPY

Discipline: ZOOLOGY

Language: ENGLISH

Document type: ARTICLE

Publication order reference:
K. Solarz, Department of Biology and Parasitology, Silesian Medical Academy, ul. Medykow 18, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
solarzk@slam.katowice.pl

Abstract: This paper gives a faunistic review of the pyroglyphid mites that have actually been recorded in Poland in dwellings, lofts and attics, hospitals, libraries, coal-mine offices, research institutes and other public places, in coal-mines, in farming environments (barns, cowsheds, byres, stables, poultry houses), and in natural environments such as birdsĘ nests. Lofts, coal-mine offices, an archive and a police department were analysed for the first time for occurrence of house dust mites. Results are presented in tables and discussed with the literature data. A total of 25,295 mite specimens were isolated and identified, including 13,340 members of the family Pyroglyphidae (52.74%). Six species of pyroglyphid mites have been recorded: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, D. farinae, D. evansi, Hirstia chelidonis, Euroglyphus maynei and Gymnoglyphus longior. D. farinae was the predominant species in dwellings, followed by D. pteronyssinus and E. maynei. H. chelidonis was found in house dust samples, E. maynei in mice nest, D. pteronyssinus in coal-mine dust and debris, and G. longior in byres and barn debris. H. chelidonis was the predominant species in nests of Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Passer domesticus and Turdus spp., whereas D. evansi was found numerously in nests of Parus sp. and Sylvia sp. For the first time in Poland, the sex, age structure, annual dynamics of populations of the pyroglyphid dust mite species, and fluctuations in levels of the mite allergens were investigated at three sites (couch, carpet and two upholstery arm-chairs) from the bedroon of the flat in Sosnowiec (Upper Silesia). Moreover, additional experiments were conducted to determine the dynamics of the laboratory population of the dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae.

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